Colour schemes are used to create style and appeal. Colours that create an aesthetic feeling when used together will commonly accompany each other in colour schemes. A basic colour scheme will use two colours that look appealing together. More advanced colour schemes involve several colours in combination, usually based around a single colour; for example, text with such colors as red, yellow, orange and light blue arranged together on a black background in a magazine article.
Colour schemes can also contain different shades of a single colour; for example, a colour scheme that mixes different shades of green, ranging from very light (almost white) to very dark.
Monochromatic color scheme
A monochromatic color scheme consists of different values (tints and shades) of one single color. These color schemes are easy to get right and can be very effective, soothing and authoritative. They do, however, lack the diversity of hues found in other color schemes and are less vibrant.
Complementary color scheme
Complementary colors are colors that are opposite each other on the color wheel, such as blue and orange, red and green, purple and yellow. Complementary color schemes have a more energetic feel
The high contrast between the colors creates a vibrant look, especially when used at full saturation. Complementary colors can be tricky to use in large doses.
Neutral color scheme
A color scheme that includes only colors not found on the color wheel, called neutrals, such as beige, brown, gray, black and white.