2012 December – Wall and Floor Finishes

 WALL COVERINGS

1. Stone – natural stone wall panels are becoming a new trend in indoor and outdoor wall cladding decoration, accenting retaining walls, pillars and waters features. Placing stone panel is very simple and requires no skilled labour, but also doesn’t take much time.  It creates a stylish finish for any décor, whether it is indoor or outdoor. Wall cladding stone is popular for use in homes, retail shops, bars and restaurants. Disadvantage of the natural stone would be that they are quite heavy, so always make sure that any internal wall is strong enough to take the weight of stone.

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2. Paint – is any liquid, liquefiable or mastic composition which after application to a substrate in a thin layer is converted to a solid film. It is most commonly used to protect, colour or provide texture to objects. Paint is the most popular wall treatment as it is the cheapest and easiest way to give a room an instant makeover. It can be used too draw attention to a feature, or to disguise a feature should it become necessary. There are two basic types of paint – water based and oil based. Water based paints dry quickly and are washable, where oil based paints do take longer to dry but they are very rich in colour. Both are available in a range of finishes from matte, undercoat, primer, silk, eggshell, satin, metallic to very high gloss. Nowadays there are many companies, which produce environmentally friendly paints. It is long lasting and hardwearing. Those paints are also amongst the most breathable paints available on the market and they help balance the humidity in your home or workplace.

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3. Mirror – wall mirrors add a great design element to the room, but are especially useful for expanding narrow rooms, poorly lit hallways and tight nooks. Strategically placed, wall mirrors invite light and open spaces, but also they reflect beautiful interior. There are few types or mirror finish, where they can provide different effects; for ex. Antiqued mirror glass not only look stunning when used as an overmantel or as wall panelling, but it can also be used to have a great effect on furniture. Carefully positioned, the mirrors reflect light and space, adding depth and atmosphere to any décor.

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FLOOR COVERINGS

1. Marble – marble’s fine crystalline structure allows it to be highly polished but it is also available in variety of other finishes, from contemporary, honed to a rustic tumbled look.  Ever since the early civilizations, the use of marble tiles for flooring has always stood out as a decorative touch and makes it excellent addition to an interior. Marble come in a variety of colours and designs depending on the regions these quarries are situated in. For a luxurious and sophisticated look in any décor, marble tiling is one of the better options, however is also quite expensive. The marble tiles are hardy and will last a life-time if take care of them well enough. There are disadvantages of marble tiles too; they are highly reactive to acidic elements like shampoo, soap etc., but it can be avoided by adding a sealer onto the marble surface. What is more, it can be also cool to touch.

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2. Linoleum – is a floor covering made from renewable materials such as solidified linseed oil, pine rosin, ground cork dust, wood flour and mineral fillers such as calcium carbonate, most commonly on a burlap or canvas backing. Pigments are often added to the materials. Linoleum flooring is extremely durable and can last for a decades if installed and maintained properly. It is easy to clean and comes in a variety of designs and colours. Also is very easy to install and relatively inexpensive, therefore it is a good choice for many environment. Linoleum is a favourable choice not only for the kitchen, but also it is a good option for hallways or other areas where a lot of people pass through. Linoleum is hygienic, durable and versatile and it does not gather dust as much as for example carpet flooring would. As with wood or laminate flooring, prolonged exposure to water can damage lino, so it is important to clean carefully.

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3. Carpet – is a textile floor covering consisting of an upper layer of “pile” attached to backing. The pile is generally either made from wool or a manmade fibre such as polypropylene, nylon or polyester and usually consists of twisted tufts which are often heart-treated to maintain their structure. There are different types of carpet:

*woven – the carpet is produced on a loom quite similar to woven cloth. The pile can be plush or berber. Plush carpet is a cut pile and berber carpet is a loop pile. Normally many coloured yarns are used and this process is capable of producing intricate patterns from pre-determined designs. These carpets are usually the most expensive due to the relatively slow speed of the manufacturing process.

*needlefelt – this carpet is more technologically advanced. Needle felts are produced by intermingling and felting individual synthetic fibres using barbed and forked needles forming an extremely durable carpet. They are used mainly in hotels etc. and where there is a lot of traffic.

*tufted – these are carpets that have their pile injected into a backing material, which is itself then bonded to a secondary backing made of a woven hessian weave or a man made alternative to provide stability. This is the most common method of manufacturing of domestic carpets for floor covering purposes in the world.

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The living room is the heart of any home so choosing solid wood flooring will make it more beautiful and desirable to spend time with your family. The flooring is very versatile in any décor and I think it goes well with the client brief. Also for a practical reasons an aged and distressed wood is a good option for a client’s lounge as it is less likely to show signs of wear and tear. What is more, this makes it very low maintenance especially while Mr and Mrs Moore have got young children. Solid wooden floor simply enhance a room and it gives this interior a sense of permanence, stability and warmth. Nothing changes the look of a drab and boring wall than wallpaper. Tamika (Harlequin) wallpaper adds texture and creates dramatic feeling to John and Annika Moore’s living room. I have selected a few items such a curtains fabric and chair that coordinate together and I accented a space with cushions, flowers and nice vintage mirror. The overall appearance is very pleasing to the eye.

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For my second idea I have chosen vinyl flooring because can work greatly towards enhancing Moore’s family home décor too. It is the ideal choice for their environment due not only to its chic appearance, but to characteristics functionality. Vinyl flooring is extremely hygienic and it is very easy to clean, but also gives them a luxurious and welcoming feel within the space.

In the same way reclaimed vintage wood adds a wonderful touch to this room. The weathered appearance of the lumber lends itself beautifully and seamlessly. Even the mirror made from reclaimed wood adds a rustic charm and elegance to this interior. Because reclaimed wood is so strong, it makes for a perfect choice when decorating with young children at home as it’s virtually indestructible. This sophisticated interior gives personal and historic touches with the inclusion of the restored wood.

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